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Biotechnology Forums -

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    I have completed biotechnology from  D.Y.PATIL University scoring 73.67%. I am confused to choose my career. Should i go for MBA or Lecturership or JRF. Huh

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  • 01/24/16--09:03: gene manipulation
  • sir,please kindly tell which book should i follow for "Genetic Engineering"(rDNA technology)

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  • 02/01/16--06:38: GATE BT 2016
  • I attempted 62 que in gate bt 2016. What are my chances of being selected?.What will be the cutoff for gate bt 2016 for general candidates??

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    [Image: pVWmDDY.png]

    This is to inform you that TERI University, Vasant Kunj, New Delhi has announced admissions to 13 Masters and PhD. programmes including the MSc. Plant Biotechnology.

    The MSc programme in Plant Biotechnology was initiated in 2008 with the seed funding from the Department of biotechnology, Government of India. The programme offers conceptual understanding by imparting cutting-edge disciplines of science along with a preliminary exposure to regulatory issues and ethical concerns related to plant biotechnology. Students opting for master’s can expect an academically rigorous and interdisciplinary environment and significant emphasis on laboratory work, emphasizing original, creative thinking, and research.

    Eligibility Criteria

    Bachelor’s degree in Sciences, preferably Life Sciences or a B.Tech in Biotechnology, with a minimum of 55% marks in aggregate (of all the years/semesters of the qualifying examinations), wherever marks are awarded or a minimum cumulative grade point average of 6.2 on a 10-point grading scale will be required.

    A placement cell has been formed for exploring placement opportunities for students. The University facilitates placement of students in industry and suitable organizations, both for major project and final placements. Earlier employers include, CIMMYT, Mexico; John Innes Centre, Norwich, UK; University of Tennessee, USA; CIMAP, Lucknow; NBRI, Lucknow; IITs (Delhi, Mumbai, Kharagpur, Kanpur, and Roorkee); Central Bureau of Investigation, Government of India, Delhi

    Selection Procedure

    Admission to the MSc programme is made on the basis of a combined entrance examination followed by an interview conducted by the TERI University. Applications are invited from candidates on the basis of advertisements printed in leading newspapers.

    Details may also be gathered at the TERI University’s website ==>

    Important Dates:
    Last date to obtain application form by post: April 19, 2016
    Last date of obtain application form at the university counter and online: April 22, 2016
    Date of online test: May 28, 2016 to May 29, 2016
    Date of declaration of shortlisted students: June 13, 2016
    Date of interview: June 14, 2016 to Saturday, June 18, 2016

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  • 02/06/16--09:16: internship
  • how to apply internship?any summer internship for biotech student?

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    Hi If anyone can help me answer the following questions below, it would be a great help. Its about bioreactors, turbulence

    1. Why does the power requirement for a bioreactor increase when flooding ( when the cavities in the bioreactor hae merge together and beome large) occurs to the bioreactor? Shouldn't it have a lower power requirement since the agitators are practically spinning air and air much is less dense than liquid.

    2. Why is tip speed of the agitator related to having the highest shear force in a bioreactor?

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    Hello everyone!

    Hoping anyone could help me with take up of "Clinical Research Associate (CRA)" training, in USA.

    I had completed my Masters in Biotechnology  in 2011 and since then I didn't work in any pharmaceutical or biotech industry because of my visa issues. But now, I am eligible for employment in US on my work visa and would like to choose  'Clinical Research Associate' as my career.

    My question is,  "Do I need to have to prior experience in any of the biotech or pharma Industry, in order to get trained as CRA ??? OR Can I directly approach them for CRA training??"

    Thanks in advance.


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  • 02/16/16--01:26: TSW Genome sequence
  • Dear all,

    I am a Dutch student currently bussy with research on the resistance of Capsicum Annuum. I found and designed a perfect marker for the genome of SW-5 wich worked in all the tested materials so far, but I now need the genome sequence of TSW. I wasn't able to find it on NCBI so I thought that someone here could help me with this. If the genome sequence isn't sequenced yet, could someone tell me where on the genome of chromosome 10 it lays? 

    This research is based on the viral infection of Tomatto spotted wild virus (TSWV) in different kinds of Capsicum. 

    I want to thank you all in advance and I hope to hear from someone soon.


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  • 02/17/16--05:53: Biotech KPO
  • Hello everyone!

    Can anyone tell me more about the KPO industry. What are they and how do they work? As India is seeing an increase in KPOs, what is the scope of a biotechnologist in a KPO industry in India? What are the skills required to work and adapt in a KPO.


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  • 02/19/16--02:50: internship
  • Research (Biochemistry) Internship at Rass Biosolution Pvt Ltd.
    Location(s): Work From Home
    Start Date:1 May, 2016 
    Duration:2 Months
    Stipend: Rs.3000 /Month 
    Application Deadline: 12 Mar, 2016
    (Part time) 
    About Rass Biosolution Pvt Ltd. (
    We have collaborated projects with over 45 universities in US/Canada and New Zealand which offer fully funded MS/PHD Positions assisted with Stipend.a
    About the Internship:
    The selected intern(s) will work on following during the internship: 
    Lab Work-Biochemistry,Microbiology,Molicularbiology.
    Computer based training Bioinformatics
    Business development
    # of Internships available: 10
    Who can apply:
    All graduate with biology as per specialization.
    contact no +91-8090113353
    you can also send you details on ''''


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    What is Middle East Respiratory Syndrome?

    [Image: MERS-virus-376x400.jpg](Source:

    The Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), or what is known as camel flu, is a respiratory infection caused by MERS-coronavirus (MERS-CoV). MERS was first reported in 2012. There are around 1641 confirmed cases of MERS in about 20 countries as updated in December 2015. The existence of this virus was first reported by Dr. Ali Mohamed Zaki an Egyptian virologist, in the year 2012. A previously unknown coronavirus was isolated by Dr. Zaki from a man’s lungs. This was later identified as MERS-CoV. The symptoms are not fatal unless the infected person has a weakened state of immunity due to other health problems. The symptoms include fever, cough, diarrhea, and shortness of breath.

    In the very same year, the similar symptoms were observed in a 49-year-old male in Qatar. Most of the MERS cases which were observed were confined to Arabian Peninsula. There were, however, two cases reported in California. Two healthcare providers who treated people in Saudi Arabia were infected with the virus. This outbreak led to the rapid research and monitoring on the symptoms and the deaths associated with this virus. The first two cases had similarities in the genetic sequences.

    MERS-CoV is a beta coronavirus which is derived from bats. Serum isolated from camels have the antibodies for MERS-CoV. However, the source of the infection has not been identified in camels. It is also believed that the camels transfer the virus to humans, but, the exact mechanism is unknown. Human-human transmission is on close contact. The mortality rate is 40%.

    Symptoms of MERS

    [Image: images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRgLYC35EMKh5muFYvrzLy...m6COyBE_WW](Source: Wikipedia)
    The appearance of the symptoms is after an incubation period of 5 days. Fever, cough, and shortness of breath are the most common symptoms. Myalgia is one of the symptoms observed in a small fraction of people. Apart from these symptoms, gastrointestinal symptoms like vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain are also seen in a small fraction of people. Three-quarters of the total number of people infected need medical attention and support of ventilators to survive. Though the symptoms appear non-fatal, MERS can be asymptomatic and lead to severe pneumonia which in turns causes Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS). It can also further complicate by causing kidney failure, disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), and pericarditis.

    More about MERS-CoV

    [Image: ticker_MERS_0.jpg](Source: sciencenews)
    MERS-CoV belongs to the beta group of coronavirus. Though it was referred to as SARS-like virus until 2013, it has now been identified to be distinct from SARS coronavirus.

    In humans, the adherence of the virus is to the nonciliated bronchial epithelial cells. The virus is equipped to evade the immune system and they hinder the production of the interferon (IFN) production in these cells. The reason this is unique is because most respiratory disease causing viruses have a strong tropism for ciliated cells. Dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4) or CD26 is the receptor for the virus. This receptor is highly conserved and only expressed in human bronchial epithelium and the kidneys.

    Transmission between human-human is very low unless the person infected is in constant contact with healthy individuals. It has also been observed that only 20% of the epithelial cells are infected with the virus on a whole. This indicates that the number of virions which have to be inhaled to cause the disease will not likely transfer from human-human through normal contact. However, Dr. Anthony S. Fauci of the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland, has raised a cause for concern. The infection though does not transmit from human-human, its mutation to a more transmissible strain can pose a major health hazard. Healthcare providers are exposed the most to this virus. The major outbreak in South Korea with 125 confirmed cases of MERS has CDC on high alert. Egyptian tomb bats are the natural reservoirs of this virus. The virus has undergone evolution over a long period of time. The viral strains in bats are similar to the ones isolated from humans. Nevertheless, recent reports have identified camels to be the natural reservoirs of the virus. The presence of protein-specific antibodies against MERS-CoV spike proteins are in evidence of this. Countries in the Arabian Peninsula are known to drink large amounts of camel milk and camel meat as well. This is one of the main reasons for the transmission of the virus.

    Diagnosis of MERS

    The diagnosis of the disease is based on the symptoms displayed by an individual. The probable cases of MERS show the following symptoms: acute pneumonia, flu-like symptoms, fever, and cough, a history of travel to other countries, contact with an infected person or consumption of camel products.

    X-ray of the lungs reveals bilateral patchy infiltrates which is consistent with viral pneumonitis and ARDS. Interstitial infiltrates are also seen.

    Low lymphocyte count is characteristic of this disease. PCR is performed by taking samples from the lower respiratory tract. Sputum sample or tracheal aspirate is also taken for examination. RT-PCR is also performed for the rapid identification of the infection. The PCR targets the amplification of sequence upstream the E gene. RdRp, which is present in all coronaviruses is targeted by sequencing amplicons.

    Though immunofluorescence assays have been developed, the antibodies cross-react within the genus and thus make it difficult to detect the infection. A protein microarray specific to the infection has been developed. There was no cross-reactivity observed. However, the assay is tedious which is why WHO came up with the conclusion that all the positive serological test results in the absence of PCR and other sequencing techniques are to be taken as probable cases of MERS.

    Prevention of MERS

    For any infection, the transmission matters the most. Once the transmission is prevented, the infection is automatically controlled.

    1.      Camel milk should be thoroughly pasteurized before consumption and camel meat too should be cooked well prior to consumption.

    2.      People handling camels should wash their hands clean after coming in contact with them. The same way, unwell camels should be given proper medical attention and should be kept away from the healthy ones to prevent the spread of the infection.

    3.      Protective gear should be worn by healthcare providers while treating infected individuals.

    4.      Handling body fluids with care is advised.

    5.      Wearing long gowns which are impermeable and non-sterile is mandatory.

    6.      Only a limited number of people should be allowed to care for the patient.

    7.      The patient is advised to limit activity to a bare minimum to avoid contamination of surfaces at home or hospital.

    Treatment of MERS

    Interferon activity is hindered by the virus. To counter this, treatment procedure involves administration of exogenous interferons which minimize the viral replication process. There is no specific antiviral treatment. The treatment is mostly symptomatic and in severe cases, the patients are provided care to keep the vital organs functioning.

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    i passed out 12th in 2015. i took a year's drop to prepare for Medical entrance exams . but my interests have shifted to biotech. People around me say its stupid to do that. What should i do?
    Also i wanted to ask how is indraprastha university for biotechnology?is vit better? After ug from India I want to pursue masters in one of the renowned colleges like Stanford. How am i to make it to my dreams of becoming a mad scientist. I really badly need some guidance

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  • 03/04/16--22:12: JNU ENTRANCE
  • SIR


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    Dear Sir,

    I have completed my B.Tech in Electronics and Communication Engineering in 2011 with 75.2%.

    After that i joined PSU (BEL) and got a good exposure in Communication and RF side (around 4 years).

    I gave GATE-2016 and cracked it with 99.5 percentile.

    What are my chances for coursework and research programmes in NTU and NUS.

    Is scholarship available for both?

    What is the procedure to apply?

    Thanks in advance


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    sunil sir,

    Please let me know where to find answer for  previous yer qp  for jnu .biotechnology entrance (anna university)

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  • 03/19/16--05:10: INTERNSHIP TRAINING NEED
  • HI ALL,

    I am Faraz ( BIOTECH) and persuing Post graduate diploma in Fermentation and Bioprocess from ST Alosius College Mnaglore,I need to do 6 MONTH  training in any relative company where i can learn and expect final placement too

    Plz help i shall be highly obelized   Exclamation

    .pdf   Request for Internship Placement.pdf   (Size: 67.37 KB / Downloads: 0)

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    Hey Sunil sir,

    I have cleared GATE biotechnology 2016 with AIR 252. Am I qualified for JRF?? and also Pls guide me what should I do further for admission in Biotechnology in IITs/NITs. Pls help me, sir.

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  • 03/21/16--00:48: Gate 2016
  • Hello Sunil Sir ,
    I got AIR 1312 and a gate score of 367 in Gate Biotechnology 2016. What are my chances to get  mtech in an NIT ? Are there any chances  in CTRAI IITB and CRDT IITD?Also IIT  Roorkee and NIT Rourkela?


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    Hello sir,
    I am currently doing my in Biotechnology (4th year)
    Recently i qualified gate 2016 with AIR680 and score457.
    Iwant to do, kindly suggest me option for my
    admission. Also Let me know IITD allow for MS (Research).

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    I have qualified the GATE2016 in life sciences with AIR 366 and my score is 542.Can you please tell me which IIT/IISER can call me for the ph.d interview?

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